547 U.S. 90 (2006)
Defendant purchased a videotape containing child pornography from a Web site operated by an undercover postal inspector. Postal inspection officers arranged a controlled delivery of a package containing the videotape to defendant's residence. A postal inspector submitted a search warrant application to a magistrate judge accompanied by an affidavit describing the proposed operation in detail. The magistrate judge issued the warrant on the basis of an affidavit explaining that the warrant would be executed only after the controlled delivery, but that triggering condition was not listed in the warrant.
- The Court held that anticipatory warrants were lawful and that the occurrence of the triggering condition plainly established probable cause for the search.
- In addition, the affidavit established probable cause to believe the triggering condition would be satisfied since although it was possible that the defendant could have refused delivery of the videotape he had ordered, that was unlikely.
The judgment of the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit was reversed, and the case was remanded for further proceedings.
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