420 F.3d 728 (2005)
The parties entered into negotiations concerning a fleet agreement. Although a number of lengthy draft agreements were exchanged, none of them were ever signed. The operator alleged that a 572 word e-mail message constituted a contract between the parties, that defendants had breached that contract, and that defendants had engaged in fraud by attempting to change the terms of the contract after the message was sent.
- The district court submitted only the breach of contract issue to the jury; it found in the operator's favor.
- The court held that the breach of contract issue should not have been given to the jury and that the dispute should have been resolved by the entry of summary judgment in defendants' favor.
- The parties were negotiating a comprehensive arrangement, not a series of stand-alone contracts.
- No reasonable jury could conclude that the message, which recapped the parties' negotiations, identified items that had been agreed upon, and listed other items that needed to be reviewed and finalized, constituted a contract or that the agreed-upon items were independent bargains to which defendants bound themselves.
- It was unnecessary to consider the operator's fraud claim.
The court reversed the district court's judgment.
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