472 U.S. 703 (1985)
Petitioner's decedent (decedent) worked for respondent, chain of retail stores. At that time, respondent's Connecticut stores were closed on Sundays pursuant to Conn. Gen. Stat. §§ 53-300 to 53-303 (1958). Following state legislature's revision of Sunday-closing laws, respondent required employees to work every third or fourth Sunday. The decedent invoked the protection of Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53-303e(b) (1985) (statute), which forbade an employer's dismissal of an employee who refused to work on his Sabbath.
- The court held that the statute, which provided Sabbath observers with an absolute and unqualified right not to work on their Sabbath, violated the Establishment Clause of U.S. Constitutional Amendment I.
- The statute imposed on employers and employees an absolute duty to conform their business practices to particular religious practices of the employee by enforcing observance of the Sabbath the employee unilaterally designated.
- The state thus commanded that Sabbath religious concerns automatically controlled over all secular interests, which was impermissible.
The judgment was affirmed because the statute, which forbade an employer's dismissal of an employee who refused to work on his Sabbath, violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment of the United States Constitution.
Suggested law school course materials, hornbooks, and guides for Constitutional Law
Shop Amazon for the best prices on Law School Course Materials.