Thursday, November 14, 2013

NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. case brief

NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. case brief summary
301 U.S. 1 (1937)

CASE SYNOPSIS
Petitioner, the National Labor Relations Board, sought review of an order entered in the Circuit Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, which denied its petition to enforce an order requiring respondent employer to cease and desist from unfair labor practices, to offer reinstatement to 10 employees, to make good their losses in pay, and to post notices.

CASE FACTS
Petitioner, the National Labor Relations Board, challenged the lower court's denial of its petition to enforce an order requiring respondent employer, which was engaged in the manufacture of iron and steel, to cease and desist from unfair labor practices, to offer reinstatement to 10 employees at one of its plants who were discharged for union activity, to make good their losses in pay, and to post notices.


DISCUSSION

  • The court reversed, ruling that the National Labor Relations Act was a proper exercise of Congress' power to regulate interstate commerce, that employees had a right to self-organization, and that discrimination and coercion to prevent exercise of this right was a proper subject for condemnation by legislative authority. 
  • The court further ruled that the Act applied to respondent's employees who were engaged exclusively in production because intrastate activities that were closely connected to interstate commerce were subject to regulation by Congress. 
  • The court also ruled that the Act did not violate the Fifth Amendment or the Seventh Amendment.
CONCLUSION
The court reversed and remanded the denial of the petition filed by petitioner, the National Labor Relations Board, to enforce its order requiring respondent employer to cease and desist from unfair labor practices, to offer reinstatement to 10 employees, to make good their losses in pay, and to post notices, ruling that the National Labor Relations Act was a proper exercise of Congress' power and applied to respondent's employees.

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