Facts: French national (De Longchamps) was charged under Pennsylvania law with violating the international law protecting diplomats, by insulting and assaulting(by hitting his cane) the French consul-general in his residence. Longchamps pleaded not guilty, but the jury found him guilty on both counts, following a trial.
Issue (1): Whether Longchamps should have been sent to France for the trial?
Issue (2): Whether he should have been sent to France for punishment once he was found guilty?
Issue (3): Whether the punishment in PA should have been subject to France's satisfaction, once he was found guilty?
Issue (4): Whether or not PA court can hear this case under the law of nations? (see below)
Issue (5): What governs the punishment? (see below)
Reasoning: The court concluded that defendant could not be legally delivered by the Supreme Executive Council to the Minister of France and also could not be imprisoned until his most Christian Majesty declared the reparation to be satisfactory. The court determined that, because the person of a public minister was sacred and inviolable, defendant had committed an atrocious violation of the law of nations when he threatened and menaced bodily harm and violence to the person of the Secretary of the French Legation.
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