249 U.S. 204 (1919)
Defendant's indictment was based on his publication of newspaper articles criticizing the government's decision to send soldiers to France and generally criticizing the war effort in World War I.
- Affirming the conviction, the Court held that the First Amendment did not protect every kind of speech.
- On the record, it could have been found that the circulation of the paper was in quarters where a little breath would be enough to kindle a flame, and that such fact was known and relied upon by those who sent the paper out.
- A conspiracy to obstruct recruiting was criminal even if no means were agreed upon specifically by which to accomplish the intent.
- It was enough if the parties agreed to set to work for that common purpose.
- The overt acts were alleged to have been done to effect the object of the conspiracy and that was sufficient under § 4 of the Act.
The court affirmed defendant's conviction.