407 U.S. 258 (1972)
- The Supreme Court found that plaintiff baseball player could not bring an antitrust claim challenging the sport's reserve system against defendant Commissioner of Baseball, the presidents of the two leagues he was traded between, and the major league clubs.
- Although baseball was a big business engaged in interstate commerce, precedent dictated that the reserve system was exempt from federal antitrust laws.
- In this regard, baseball was anomalous among professional sports, but Congress had the power to change the nature of the sport through legislation.
- Plaintiff's state law claims failed because granting the relief sought would conflict with federal policy and national uniformity.
The Supreme Court affirmed the lower court judgment against plaintiff, based on precedent exempting baseball's reserve system from antitrust laws; Congress had multiple opportunities to end baseball's exemption from the antitrust laws.
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