544 U.S. 709 (2005)
The inmates alleged that respondent prison officials violated 42 U.S.C.S. § 2000cc-1 by failing to accommodate their exercise of nonmainstream religions in several ways. The circuit court held that the district court erred in rejecting the officials' facial challenge to § 2000cc-1 and in denying their motion to dismiss the inmates' claim.
The Court reversed the circuit court's judgment. The Court held that § 2000cc-1, on its face, qualified as a permissible accommodation that was not barred by the Establishment Clause. Section 2000cc-1 was compatible with the Establishment Clause because it alleviated exceptional government-created burdens on private religious exercise. Further, § 2000cc-1 did not elevate accommodation of religious observances over an institution's need to maintain order and safety. Finally, the Court found that § 2000cc-1 did not differentiate among bona fide faiths because it conferred no privileged status on any particular religious sect. The circuit court misread the Court's precedents to require invalidation of § 2000cc-1 as impermissibly advancing religion by giving greater protection to religious rights than to other constitutionally protected rights.
The Court reversed the judgment. The Court remanded the case for further proceedings.