Facts: Case where a pub manager held himself out to be independent, but was
actually bound by a principal and was not authorized to enter into contracts.
Inherent authority might be necessary in cases where the agent pretends not to have a
principal but actually does. However, the agent does not have the power to enter into
an agreement with the third party.
-The third party would want to get at the principal,
even though the case would be neither actual nor apparent authority.