Sunday, January 13, 2019

Chambers v. Maroney case brief

    1. Chambers v. Maroney case brief summary

      1. a service station was robbed. Two teenagers saw a blue station wagon and identified the men inside. The station wagon was stopped an hour later with the men matching the description. The car was taken to the police station and searched without a warrant and found two guns and the glove filled with coins. Their home was searched with a warrant
      2. the police had probable cause to make the arrest
        1. this is not a search incident to an arrest
      3. typically: courts have held once an accused is under arrest and in custody the search made at another place without a warrant is not incident to the arrest
        1. because a car can be so easily moved, it may be searched on the highway without a warrant provided the police have probable cause that the car contains something they are entitled to seize. To be effective, such a search must occur immediately or the police at the very least must secure the car until they obtain a warrant to search it. Therefore, a warrantless seizure of the car is also permissible under the Fourth Amendment.
        2. with these warrantless seizures based on probable cause, there is no practical difference between waiting for a warrant and simply searching the car absent a warrant because a judge will likely issue the warrant based on the probable cause. Therefore, no warrant is needed for the police to search a car that has been seized and brought to the police station based on probable cause.
        3. We could’ve searched this there on the side of the road so because we searched it at the station doesn’t matter
        4. Rule: can search without a warrant based on probable cause on the side of the road or at the station

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