- 150 cases of canned ox tongue were shipped in good order on board the Muncaster Castle.
- In the BOL it said that carrier were entitled to all privileges, rights and immunities contained in the Australian Sea-Carriage of Goods Act.
- Water was discovered after 4 days of sailing and it had damaged 113 of the cases.
- The cause of the seawater was because a fitter negligently failed to secure the nuts on the inspection cover evenly, so they loosened up and seawater entered.
- The fitter was an independent contractor.
- By entrusting the vessel to reputable ship-repairers, the carriers did not perform their duty to exercise due diligence.
- They were vicariously liable for negligence of a servant of an independent contractor.
- The shipper is entitled to recover from the carrier.
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